Post 109: Some Passover memories, PLANT LIST at Naot Kedumim, the teapot at Naot Kedumim, the walls, sheds and shelters constructed by volunteers, vegetables and herb combinations, the tale of mallow, Lymph massage therapists

This post describes two phenomena: natural terrain in Israel and  human terrain, the body. The energy observed on both surfaces is sometimes visable and also invisable since most of the flow is under the surface bubbling away. The visit to Naot Kedumim was extraordinary and demands another visit for each season.

I like to look back at Passover Outings: This year at Naot Kedumim:

The above link is to a well written film about Neot Kedumim

  1. Neot Kedumim, the Biblical Landscape Reserve in Israel Hebrew: נאות קדומים‎ is a Biblical garden and nature preserve located near Modi’in, mid-way between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, Israel. The reserve began in the 1960’s.


    Neot Kedumim is an attempt to re-create the physical setting of the Bible. The park covers an area of about 2,500 dunams (2.5 km2; 0.97 sq mi) or 625 acres. The idea of planting such a garden dates back to 1925. In 1964, land was allocated for the project with the help of Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion.[

    Neot Kedumim comprises a series of natural and agricultural landscapes, among them the Forest of Milk and Honey, the Dale of the Song of Songs, Isaiah‘s Vineyard and the Fields of the Seven Species. Signs are posted throughout the garden quoting relevant Jewish texts in Hebrew and English.[

    Neot Kedumim offers pre-booked organized tours but is also accessible to individuals who can roam the site on their own with maps provided by the park.[5]


    When Ephraim and Hannah Hareuveni immigrated to Palestine in the 1920s, they dreamed of developing a biblical landscape reserve that “embodied the panorama and power of the landscapes that both shaped the values of the Bible and provided a rich vocabulary for expressing them”. Their son, Noga, a physicist, dedicated his life to implementing his parents’ dream. To build the park, thousands of tons of soil were trucked in, reservoirs were built to catch runoff rain water, ancient terraces, wine presses and ritual baths were restored, and hundreds of varieties of plants were cultivated. 

    In 1994 Neot Kedumim and Noga Hareuveni, the driving spirit behind the garden, were awarded the Israel Prize for their special contribution to society and the State of Israel.

  2. Address: Ben Shemen, Israel, equal distance to Mdiin, and Rehovot. outside of Lod
  3. Phone: +972 8-977-0777
  4. IMG_20150407_145413
    This structure is near the Summer Garden. It has wheels. I imagine it traveled the streets of Tel Aviv to refresh passersby and then was retired to this spot under a tree. I requested more details from Naot HaKedumim. When they respond, I will add the details here
    Relaxing in a hut covering an ancient oil press


    One of the many walls constructed over the years by volunteers


    PLANT LIST at Naot Kedumim; A Great Project-going back to Naot Kedumim and finding the plants!

    (in alphabetical order by Latin names)

    English common name Latin name Family English transliteration
    Negev acacia Acacia gerrardii Bentham subsp. negevensis Mimosaceae B shitah
    spiraled acacia Acacia raddiana Savi Mimosaceae B shitah
    almond Amygdalus communis L. Rosaceae B shaked, luz
    strawberry tree Arbutus andrachne L. Ericaceae k’talav
    asphodel Asphodelus ramosus Miller Liliaceae T yavlit
    saltplant Atriplex halimus L. Chenopodiaceae B maluakh
    balm of Gilead (possible ) Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile Zygophyllaceae B? tzori, zakum
    Sodom apple Calotropis procera Aiton fil. Asclepiadaceae B a’ra’r
    spiny broom Calycotome villosa (Poiret) Link Papilionaceae B ezrakh
    caper Capparis spinosa L. Capparaceae T tzalaf
    cedar Cedrus libani Loud. Pinaceae B erez
    carob, also St. John’s bread Ceratonia siliqua L. Caesalpiniaceae B(?)
    Mediterranean redbud, also Judas tree Cercis siliquastrum L. Caesalpiniaceae klil hakhoresh
    varthemia Chiliadenus iphionoides (Boiss. et Blanche) Brullo Compositae bar sela
    pink rockrose (possible source of ladanum) Cistus creticus L. Cistaceae B? lot, lotem varod
    white rockrose (possible source of ladanum) Cistus salviifolius L. Cistaceae B? lot, lotem lavan
    fragrant rockrose (possible source of ladanum) Cistus sp. Cistaceae B? lot, lotem davik
    citron, also etrog Citrus medica L. Rutaceae T etrog
    myrrh (possible ) Commiphora abyssinica Engl. Burseraceae B? mor, commifora
    thyme Coridothymus capitatus (L.) Reichenb. Labiatae T siyya
    hawthorn Crataegus aronia (L.) D.C. Rosaceae B,T tapuakh, uzrad
    cypress Cupressus sempervirens L. Cupressaceae B te’ashur
    fig Ficus carica L. Moraceae B te’ena
    sycomore, also Egyptian fig Ficus sycomorus L. Moraceae B shikma
    barley Hordeum sp. Gramineae B seora
    inula Inula viscosa (L.) Ait. Compositae B sirpad
    walnut Juglans regia L. Juglandaceae B egoz
    laurel, also sweet bay (possible oil tree) Laurus nobilis L. Lauraceae B,T etz-shemen, dafna
    Spanish lavender Lavandula stoechas L. Labiatea T ezov kokhli
    henna Lawsonia inermis L. Lythraceae B (eshkol ha-) koffer
    hyssop Majorana syriaca (L.) Rafin. (Origanum Maru L.) Labiatae B ezov
    mandrake Mandragora autumnalis Bertol. Solanaceae B dudaim
    tea hyssop Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce Labiatea T ezov beit diklai, ezov hatey
    myrtle Myrtus communis L. Myrtaceae B hadass
    narcissus (possible lily of the valley) Narcissus tazetta L. Amaryllidaceae B shoshanat ha’amkim, narkiss
    oleander Nerium oleander L. Apocynaceae T harduf
    olive Olea europaea L. Oleaceae B zayit
    sand lily Pancratium maritimum L. Amaryllidaceae khavatzelet hakhof
    date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. Palmae B tamar
    reed Phragmites australis (Cav.) Steudel Gramineae B kaneh
    Jerusalem pine (possible oil tree) Pinus halepensis Miller Pinaceae B oren
    gum terebinth (possible balm of Gilead) Pistacia lentiscus L. Anacardiaceae B(?)
    tzori, mastikin, elat hamastik
    terebinth Pistacia palaestina Boiss. Anacardiaceae B elah
    pistachio Pistacia vera L. Anacardiaceae B,T botnim, botna, elat habotnim
    plane tree Platanus orientalis L. Platanaceae B,T armon, dolev
    white poplar Populus alba L. Salicaceae B tzaftzafa (makhsifa)
    willow-poplar, also Euphrates poplar Populus euphratica Oliver Salicaceae B,T arava, khilfa-gila
    prickly prosopis Prosopis farcta Macbride Mimosaceae B,T kharul, hizma (pl. hizmi)
    pomegranate Punica granatum L. Punicaceae B rimon
    apple Pyrus malus L. Rosaceae B tapuakh
    wild pear Pyrus syriaca Boiss. Rosaceae agass bar
    Kermes oak Quercus calliprinos Webb Fagaceae B alon, na’atzutz
    Tabor oak Quercus ithaburensis Decaisne Fagaceae B alon, nahalol
    white broom Retama raetam (Forssk.) Webb Papilionaceae B rotem
    buckthorn Rhamnus lycioides L. subsp. graeca Tutin Rhamnaceae T etzbonit
    sumac Rhus coriaria L. Anacardiaceae T og
    castor oil tree, also Jonah’s gourd Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae B kikayon
    wild rose, also dog rose Rosa canina L. Rosaceae T shoshana, vered (hakelev)
    madder Rubia tenuifolia Dum.-Urville Rubiaceae T puah shel tzlaot
    dyer’s madder Rubia tinctorum L. Rubiaceae T puah shel idit, puat hatzabaim
    raspberry Rubus sanguineus Friv. Rosaceae T sneh, petel
    willow Salix acmophylla Boiss. Salicaceae B arava
    pungent sage Salvia dominica L. Labiatae B moriah (kharifa)
    three-leafed sage Salvia fruticosa Miller Labiatae B moriah (meshuleshet)
    Jerusalem sage Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. Labiatae B moriah (hararit)
    Judean sage Salvia judaica Boiss. Labiatae B moriah, moriat yehuda
    thorny burnet, also poterium Sarcopoterium spinosum (L.) Spach Rosaceae B,T seerim, seera
    whorled savory Satureja thymbra L. Labiatae T ezov romi
    golden thistle Scolymus maculatus L. Compositae B khoakh
    yellow broom Spartium junceum L. Papilionaceae akhirotem
    storax Styrax officinalis L. Styracaceae B livneh
    tamarisk Tamarix sp. Tamaricaceae B eshel
    poley Teucrium polium L. Labiatea T ezovion
    spiked thymbra Thymbra spicata L. Labiatae T ezov midbari
    wheat Triticum sp. Gramineae B khitta
    Sharon tulip (possible rose of Sharon) Tulipa sharonensis Dinsm. Liliaceae B khavatzelet hasharon
    cattail Typha domingensis (Pers.) Steudel Typhaceae B soof
    white squill Urginea maritima (L.) Baker Liliaceae T khatzav
    Abraham’s bush Vitex agnus-castus L. Verbenaceae siakh avraham
    grapevine Vitis vinifera L. Vitaceae B gefen
    jujube Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf. Rhamnaceae B

A Taste of Mallow (Malva nicaeensis)

“Can what is tasteless be eaten without salt?  Does slimy halamot juice have any flavor?” (Job 6:6).

These descriptions are made by Job as he laments the terrible downturn his life has taken. He claims that life is meant to hold certain undeniable, reliable truths such as the tastelessness of unsalted food or the repugnant sensation of juice of the halamot.

Regarding these foods he adds “I refuse to touch them; they are like food when I am sick” (6:7).

Biblical commentators have struggled to identify the halamot of verse 6.  Some suggestions include meaningless (“tasteless”) words, or egg whites, or and a particular cheese called “halum” in Arabic that secrets a slimy juice and has a vile taste. Every one of these identifications relies, among other things, on the etymology of the word itself.

Other commentators and scholars believe that halamot refers to a plant.  Here too, several possible candidates have been suggested over the years.

Today it is widely accepted by scholars that the halamot is in fact a plant and it has been identified as Malva nicaeensis, or mallow, whose modern Hebrew name, halamit, is almost identical to the biblical halamot.  The plant is easily recognized by its edible fruit that resemble a small, round loaf of sliced bread. Inverting the Hebrew letters gives us the word lehem – bread. This is also reflected in the Arabic name for the plant – hubeza, from the Arabic word hubz, bread. The round leaves of the mallow are edible only after they are cooked, which removes the slimy juice.

The mallow is an annual plant that reaches a height of some 50 cm (20 inches). It blossoms from February to June, and has pink, five-petaled leaves, approximately 2.5 cm (about one inch) in diameter.

Mallows thrive on nitrogen, and are therefore commonly found in cultivated areas, by road sides, in gardens, garbage heaps, and grazing areas where livestock drop their nitrogen-rich manure. The genus Malva includes some 30 species that are found throughout Europe, Asia and Africa.  A small number of Malva species found their way to other parts of the world, including the United States.  Israel is home to six species of the plant, and at Neot Kedumim visitors can see the mallow (Malva nicaeensis) and the small-flowered mallow (Malva parviflora).

In folk medicine, mallow is used to bandage wounds and reduce swelling. Studies have found that the mallow is rich in tannins, anti-bacterial components, anti-oxidants, as well as vitamin A, which also makes it a useful ingredient in shampoo to strengthen hair follicles.

The mallow spreads itself over a large area and is an integral part of the green landscape that characterizes Israel in the winter months. This green covering was a part of the natural outdoor “buffet table” of our ancestors during the winter months when the fruit trees they cultivated were in deep hibernation.  This “vegetable of the field” is an important addition to the diet of animals and people. “As the ox consumes the vegetable of the field” (Numbers 22:4), certainly included the mallow.


In the modern history of the State of Israel, this plant also holds a place of honor regarding the steadfast courage of the pre-state Jewish population of Jerusalem. In November 1947 the United Nations ratified the Partition Plan that created Jewish state. The response of Jerusalem’s Arabs and the Jordanian legion was swift: the city’s Jews were attacked and the Old City placed under siege. By spring of 1948, the Arab forces cut the main road into Jerusalem, making it impossible to bring food and other basic supplies into the city.

The military governor of Jerusalem at the time, Canadian-born Dov Yosef, later wrote in his book “The Faithful City: The Siege of Jerusalem, 1948” that to survive the siege and assuage the pangs of hunger, the residents had their children go into the nearby fields and pick mallows – halamit. The plant tastes like spinach, and it was packaged and sold in Jerusalem as “New Zealand spinach.” On local radio broadcasts people were told how to prepare the “spinach.”  However, the Jordanians also listened to the Hebrew broadcasts and when they heard that the besieged Jews were eating hubeza – the food of poor people and donkeys, they realized that the situation of the Jews was so dire that the Old City of Jerusalem would soon fall. So the Jews stopped the radio broadcasts, and passed on the culinary information via runners and word of mouth.  The food was not fancy. But it did allow the Jews of Jerusalem to hold out and survive the siege.

The short winter months and the green covering of nature give us the chance to know the abundance of edible plants of the field, like the halamit. Gathering the leaves and preparing them into edible, even tasty, food makes for a unique healthy culinary experience as well as a cultural experience that gives us a taste of how our forefathers lived in this land, and how they used the natural flora to enrich their winter dietary needs.

While the mallow may have been known as the food of the poor, it is often the poor who have the knowledge and understanding to distinguish between plants that are edible and healthy, and those that are not.  These are the people who have the wisdom of nature to sense the true grace of God to provide for them. The 8th century BCE Greek poet Hesiod wrote that the rich were “stupid…they know not how much more full the half is than the whole, or how much can be benefitted from the mallow.”



Vegetable Herb Combinations:  (Protein Herb combinations will appear In Post 112) Just a sprinkle, so simple

Broccoli Caraway, oregano

Cabbage Caraway, celery seed, mint, tarragon

Carrots Basil, bay leaf, ginger, mint, oregano, thyme

Cauliflower Marjoram, nutmeg

Corn Cumin, curry powder, paprika

Green Beans Basil, cloves, marjoram, savory marjoram, parsley

Salad greens Basil, chives, marjoram, mint, tarragon, thyme

Squash Allspice, cloves, curry powder, ginger, nutmeg, rosemary, sage

Tomatoes Basil, bay leaf, cloves, dill, marjoram, nutmeg, oregano

What is lymph drainage?

Lymphatic Massage Therapy

massage lymphatic

What is lymphatic massage?
Lymphatic massage, also called lymphatic drainage or manual lymph drainage, is a technique developed in Germany for treatment of lymphedema, an accumulation of fluid that can occur after lymph nodes are removed during surgery, most often a mastectomy for breast cancer. Lymphedema can also be present at birth or develop at puberty or during adulthood. This type, known as primary lymphedema, can affect as many as four limbs and/or other parts of the body. The cause is unknown. Lymphatic massage for conditions other than lymphedema is not medically recommended, although it may be promoted by some therapists.

What conditions is lymphatic massage used for?
Up to 25 percent of breast cancer patients whose surgery includes removal of lymph nodes in the area of the armpit eventually develop lymphedema. The condition can also occur in the legs or other parts of the body if lymph nodes are removed in the course of other types of surgery – for melanoma, colon, prostate or bladder cancer, for example – or are damaged by radiation treatment, infection or trauma. Symptoms include swelling and pain near the site of the removed or damaged lymph nodes. Lymphedema can occur immediately after radiation therapy or surgery, or weeks, months, and even years later.

What should one expect on a visit to a practitioner of lymphatic massage?
A lymphatic massage session for women who develop lymphedema after surgery for breast cancer starts with light massage on the surface of the skin of the neck. The therapist gently rubs, strokes, taps or pushes the skin in directions that follow the structure of the lymphatic system so that accumulated lymph fluid can drain through proper channels. Lymphatic drainage is very gentle, is not painful and doesn’t have a stimulating effect. Each session lasts from 45 to 60 minutes, and therapy usually is performed once a day four or five times a week for two to four weeks. One study showed that the greatest reduction in swelling from lymphedema occurs in the first week of treatment and stabilizes during the second week.

Are there any side effects or conditions where lymphatic massage should be avoided?
The National Lymphedema Network lists four circumstances under which lymphatic massage or drainage should be avoided:

  1. When patients who have developed lymphedema after surgery experience a sudden, marked increase in localized swelling. Under these circumstances, patients are advised to stop treatment and to see their physicians for evaluation as soon as possible.
  2. Patients with a sudden onset of lymphangitis (an infection) should immediately discontinue treatment until the infection is treated and completely clears up. Patients who are at increased risk for blood clotting should be tested to rule out deep-venous thrombosis before being treated. During treatment, these patients should be followed closely, and testing should be performed on a regular basis.
  3. Patients who have congestive heart failure must be monitored closely to avoid moving too much fluid too quickly, which could put a strain on the heart.
  4. When pain is present, treatment should be discontinued until the underlying cause has been determined and the pain subsides. (Dr. Weil)

אזור ירושלים performing lymph massage; I understand that Meuchedet also pays to cover visits to independent therapists. however, for patients,
 who have congestive heart failure, this therapy is not recommended by most doctors, since the patient must be monitored closely to avoid moving too much fluid too quickly, which could put a strain on the heart.

אבו אחמד אסרא קופ”ח כללית מכון מקור ברוך ושיח גראח ירושלים 052-5909752
אבו גזולה מונייה אל טור, ירושליםת.ד. 51420 052-299857202-6281255
אבו דיאב רובא ירושלים\ שועפאטמכבי שירותי בריאות
עמותת אלאמירה בסמה בירושלים
אמיתי-עמיחי נעה מכבי: רמת בית שמשפרטי: מושב מטעד.נ. מטה יהודהפרטי: רח’ עמק רפאים ירושלים 054-2649770
בן דב בת-עמי מכבי ירושלים
כפר תפוח ד.נ. אפרים 44829
ע- -02-6238230ב-  03-6427502050-8803765
ברגמן אסתר כ”ח באייר 27/5 אלון שבות’מאוחדת’ ירושלים, סניף גילהקליניקה:בית הטיילת תלפיות 054-724083402-6468640
בר- משה שרון כללית בית שמשרחוב מטע  10 בית שמש 02-992169602-9910775054-4691820
ברק אלקה קופ”ח כללית מכון רמות אשכולירושלים 02-5889595050-5875690
גולדפיין שולה מאוחדת ירושלים
יצהר 56/13 גבעת קנדה ירושלים
ע- 02-5314552
ב- 02-6763410050-6617512
גילה  יעל מכבי מודיעין 08-9704115050-8464633
גינסבורג טלי רח’ סוקולוב 18  ירושלים 02-5632997054-6249695
דולב תהילה כללית מודיעין-רעות-מכבים. קשת11 רעות ת.ד 604 מיקוד 71799 ע- 08-9735534050-9866866
הראל שלמה ר’ח הדורית 262מודיעין-מכבים-רעות  71799 054-7632399
ווכטל סרינה יד בנימין, בית שמש, קריית גת, גדרה. 054-7607150
וולץ אסתי קופ”ח  רמות אשכול פארן 12
בן עזאי 5 בקעה, י-ם. 93505
ע- 02-5889503
ב- 02-6722824
זינגרביץ’ נעה ירושלים, ניל”י, מודיעיןמכבי שירותי בריאות ירושלים 0543974054
זלוטניק רקפת ב- הנורית 109/18 ירושליםמכבי אגריפס 40 ירושלים 052-4508765
חחיאשוילי דקלה נוקדים  ד.נ. צפון יהודהמיקוד 90916 02-9925040050-4917860
טווינה שרי מושב טירת יהודה-חבל מודיעיןע – הדסה עין כרם 054-2341577
לוי ערן קליניקה: פיזיואקטיב-אצטדיון טדי, ירושליםמאוחדת: ירושלים 054-2560189
לם חיה רח’ צונדק 30 י-םמורגנטאו 56 י-ם. 97225 ע- 02-5863020
ב- 02-5866646
מוהתדי אמירה ירושלים העיר העתיקה עקבת אלסראיא 543120774549723535
סופר איריס מושב מעון ד.נ הר חברוןמאוחדת קרית ארבע 058-4903672
סקוויל בתיה שיריזלי 11 נחלאות ירושלים 054-9067566
עובדיה מורית נהר פרת 10/5 נחלאות ירושליםלאומית, טרומפלדור 3 ירושלים 050-833443802-5675103
צונץ דפנה ‘מאוחדת’ פסגת זאב, רח’ משהדיין 106, ירושלים 02-5843444050-2081834
שטייניץ ניצה כללית, פיזיותרפיה גילהנעמי 10 אבו תור י-ם 93552 ע-  02-6469238ב-  02-6711031



Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s