Post 264: Could businesses be sued for opening on Shabbat?, Harvesting winter wheat berries for wheat grass juice – Top Ten fashion designers and Dress It! Fashion designers united against violence.

The miracle is not just the lighting for eight days; it’s the two thousand years that Jews have been lighting. And the last miracle is if we eat oily foods for 8 days and not gain weight.

Could businesses be sued for opening on Shabbat?

This topic is of great interest to residents of Mircaz Ha’Ir where we have seen many restaurants flagrantly disobey the traditional Shabat closing. In fact, Druz police gave out summons to businesses open on Shabat.

Amid ministerial meeting discussing whether to charge businesses for breaking Sabbath.
By Raphael Poch
First Publish: 12/8/2015, 6:55 PM

Secular activists oppose efforts to close Jerusalem.
MK Miki Zohar (Likud) presented a draft of the “Shabbat Bill” to the Ministerial Committee of Legislation. The bill outlined an overhaul to the status quo that is currently in place regarding the opening of businesses on Shabbat. A

According to Zohar, the proposed bill would alter the law and allow regular citizens to sue businesses for being open on shabbat. Additionally, business owners would face a possible criminal charge and be able to be sentenced for one year of prison time should the proposed bill become law.

MK Zohar spoke to Arutz Sheva about the outcome of the committee meeting. “There are some ministers who are mad about the proposal and there were strong objections from the Kulanu party. MK Rachel Azaria (Kulanu) for one felt that it was too radical.”

MK Zohar didn’t quite understand what there was to get angry about, but respected very much the multiplicity of opinions. “Making a law to protect Shabbat for the Jewish people to me doesn’t seem radical, but it is her opinion and she is entitled to it,” he said of MK Azaria.

Kulanu MK’s requested to meet with MK Zohar, to discuss some possible alterations to the law before it would be agreed upon by the committee to propose the bill to the Cabinet. “I am not optimistic about the meeting,” said Zohar. “I believe in the law that I authored. But I am willing to meet with them and hear them out.”

According to Zohar what the Kulanu MK’s are calling radical is the part of the law that discusses a person who opens their business illegally on Saturday.

In Zohar’s words: “The proposed law states that if a person respects the law, and doesn’t open their business on Shabbat, then they would be able to sue a competitor who opens their business illegally. The current situation is that each city hall is entitled to enforce the law demanding the closure of businesses that are not culturally oriented on Shabbat. However, most city halls don’t enforce the law beyond issuing a minimal fine. Often even this is not enforced.”

Zohar’s proposal comes as a response to the failure of city halls and local councils to enforce the current democratically agreed upon law in Israel. “The proposal that I am making is that the law should be enforced by other citizens, such as competing business owners who can sue those who open their business, since the cities aren’t doing it. Another option would be that the national government would be enabled to enforce a large fine, valuing three times the amount of income generated on Shabbat by the business.”

Currently, the law in Israel only allows places of entertainment and restaurants to open on Shabbat, but many businesses utilize the fact that the law is hardly ever enforced and stay open as well. Large malls and supermarkets are among the biggest transgressors around the country. Zohar believes that the bigger chain stores often do not heed the law, and smaller stores suffer since they do. This causes an injustice and a loss of clientele for the smaller stores, as well as forcing employees of the larger stores, who may wish to take the day off, to show up on Shabbat. Both of which are problematic in his opinion.

“We need to follow the Jewish tradition, and the law that was democratically decided upon in this country. We need to incorporate the actual deterrents to opening a store on Shabbat.

“We need to be a Jewish and a democratic country. The situation right now puts that in jeopardy,” said Zohar.

MK Rachel Azaria responded to the proposed bill and told Arutz Sheva why she is opposed to it in its current form. “Right now we have a status-quo regarding religion and state, and the Shabbat issue in Israel. It’s not great but it is the way that we currently handle the situation. What MK Zohar is doing is trying to change the status quo.”

MK Azaria referred to the historical precedent set in the meeting between Rabbi Yaacov Medan and Professor Ruth Gavison that is known as the Gavison-Medan covenant on Religion and State in Israel. The Covenant was created in 2004 and sponsored by the Avi Chai Foundation and the Israel Democracy Institute, it has an eight page discussion on the characteristic of how Shabbat should be treated by Israeli law.

“We need to decide what type of Shabbat we want in Israel,” said MK Azaria. “Gavison and Medan agreed that businesses should be closed, but things dealing with culture and sport, should be open and that there should be a minimal amount of public transportation to allow for people to go to these places as well as visit sick relatives in hospitals. I think that is a very nice solution.”

Azaria elaborated on some of the dangerous outcomes of the bill proposed by Zohar, should it be passed into a law.

“You cannot change the status-quo without taking everyone into consideration. The bill says that anyone can another person for opening their business on Shabbat. That is a big problem.

I don’t want to allow citizens to sue each other because of this. It will lead to a lot of negative feelings within Israeli society, and likely large protests on both sides of the religious divide as well. Why would we want that?”

MK Azaria said that she believes that people should not be coerced into enjoying the Shabbat but that people should want to do it if they so choose. “We want most people to be able to enjoy their Shabbat. Today everything has become the secular vs the religious and we don’t have time to discuss what we want our Shabbat to be. And we should.”

With regards to MK Zohar’s proposed bill, MK Azaria emphasized that she opposed it as it is currently written.

“MK Zohar is trying to force the new law which is too radical. If you want to make a change to an existing law, make a change that people can live with, something that people can be a part of, not something that makes them feel bulldozed. If any change is made, we should put the Gavison-Medan Covenant into play.”

Something to shed those pounds: Wheat grass Juice




1. Soak your hard winter wheat seed (also called wheat berries) overnight (8 to 12 hours).

2. Sprout the seed in a jar for the next 16 to 24 hours, rinsing the seed well three times a day.

3. After a very short “tail” is visible, plant the seed on top of the soil. Basic potting mix or topsoil will work fine. Peat moss is an important ingredient to look for in your soil so if you have to add it, the mix is one part peat moss to three parts soil, filled halfway up a two-inch deep tray. Crush a Kelp capsule and sprinkle on the soil.

4. Water the tray and then cover the seeds to keep them from drying out for the first three

5. During the first three days of growth, water once a day in the morning and really soak the soil (until the tray drips is a good sign you are watering enough). Then lightly mist your seed in the evening (lift cover off to mist seed).

6. On the fourth day, uncover grass (roots should begin to take over your soil), water heavily once a day and keep the grass in the shade

7. For mold problems, increase your air circulation with a fan or air conditioning to keep the temperature between 60 and 80 degrees

8. Harvest grass when a second blade of grass appears on the grass blades, or when the grass “splits” toward the bottom of the blade. Average growing time is seven to 12 days, depending on the weather, but still always watch for the second blade of grass as you can never judge by how many days it has been growing or how tall the grass is.

9. Only harvest once. Cut grass will store in the fridge for about seven to 10 days or longer in Green Bags. Then start the process all over again with new seeds and soil.

Dress It! Fashion designers united against violence. December 18th Booth 11 Tel Aviv Exhibition grounds 10AM

Dress It 2015 is a bazaar that brings together about 700 Israeli designers who will be selling their wares for bottom of the barrel prices. 10-300 NIS all for a good cause- Proceeds will go to the Rape Crisis Center and Tel Aviv Sexual Assault Victims.

Some of the designers are Roni Kantor, Ronen ChenMirit Weinstock, 700 in all.

You may want to join me on Friday December 18th. This monster sale will be held at the Tel Aviv Fair Grounds from 10AM.I know that Friday is hard. But with a little planning…
The sale is at Booth 11 Exhibition Grounds Tel Aviv University. Just giving you the info.The center can be reached by train (Israel Railways) through the Tel-Aviv University station. Egged bus line 521 and Dan bus lines 24, 47 & 48 are also good options for quick transportaion; I’ll be meeting friends at the Jerusalem CBS and take the 480 bus and then we’ll cab it over to the fairgrounds.

The convention center can be reached by telephone +972-3-640-4567, (the person answering was not very helpful) and parking arrangements can be made by calling +972-3-640-4460.

By Public Transportation:
Rakevet Yisrael – The University train station is near the Tel Aviv Convention Center –Rakev

One way

18/12/2015 Fri,

 Intercity Route

From Jerusalem-Malha
To Tel Aviv-University

Food and drink stand

Trains to choose from Jerusalem-Malha to Tel Aviv-University, on 18/12/2015 00:00:00
Select Departure Time Departure Arrival Journey Duration No. of Changing stations Route & Stops More Information Print
7:47 9:19 1:32 Without changing [-] Route & Stops Access for disabled persons
Train number: 6504
Train no.: 6504
Platform Station Time
1 Jerusalem-Malha
1 Bet Shemesh
1 Ramla
4 Lod
1 Tel Aviv-HaHagana
1 Tel Aviv-HaShalom
2 Tel Aviv-Savidor Center
1 Tel Aviv-University
8:47 10:19 1:32 Without changing [+] Route & Stops Access for disabled persons
9:47 11:19 1:32 Without changing [+] Route & Stops Access for disabled persons
10:46 12:19 1:33 Without changing [+] Route & Stops Access for disabled persons
11:46 13:19 1:33 Without changing [+] Route & Stops Access for disabled persons
12:46 14:19 1:33 Without changing [+] Route & Stops Access for disabled persons
Next StepExcelPrint


  • According to the instructions of the Ministry of Transport, certain types of railway tickets and discounts may be issued to the holders of Rav Kav cards only: round-trip tickets; “flexible tickets” for 7 and 30 days; discounts for the entitled students and disabled persons.
  • The possibility of obtaining various types of railway tickets and discounts depends also on the trip route (the departure station and the destination station).
  • Access through the control gates at stations is only possible by means of a valid ticket.

For more information click here

Egged – Bus number 521 –
Dan – I think this is from Herzliah Buses numbers 12, 22, 40, 89, 189,

03-6394444  סלקום ואורנג’ 3456* פלאפון 4444*

We may take Egged 480 from CBS.
Metropolin – Buses numbers 47, 48, 247 from Tel Aviv center and Raanana/Kefar Saba/Herzliya/Ramat Ha’Sharon – Metropolin website
Kavim – Bus number 137 – Kavim website

I did some research on the Israel Railways. For future reference, they offer
Day trips coordinated with schools, youth movements, pensioners’ associations, workers’ socializing events and more. Also offered:

Quiet car with reserved seats – but not from Jerusalem!

You are invited to enjoy a comfortable and quiet journey in a car with reserved seats.This service is offered in a special car where passengers are requested to keep silence and to refrain from using their mobile phones.

Routes on which this service is offered

  • From Be’er Sheva stations to Tel Aviv, Haifa, Ako and Nahariya stations.
  • From Modi’in stations to Haifa, Krayot, Ako and Nahariya stations.
  • From Tel Aviv stations to Haifa, Krayot, Ako and Nahariya stations.
  • From Tel Aviv stations to Be’er Sheva stations.
  • From Nahariya, Ako and Haifa stations to Be’er Sheva stations.


Service cost: This service cost 5 NIS as a surcharge to the ticket price.

Purchasing the service: This service may be purchased at a station prior to boarding the train at the cashiers or automatic ticketing machines.



  • This service is provided in interurban trains only.
  • This service may be purchased in one direction only.
  • This service may be purchased in advance within up to 7 days before the planned trip date.
  • This service is provided on Sundays through Thursdays.
  • This service is not provided on Fridays, Saturday nights, holiday eves, holiday nights, on night trains and on special dates to be announced from time to time.
  • From 7:00 to 9:00 and from 14:30 to 18:30 the car is served by an attendant who is responsible for observing the service conditions (the attendance hours are subject to change according to the route).


Group trip by rail Call Center *5770 / 077-2324000

Israel Railways offer special fares for groups of over 20 – together with the pleasure of an interesting, quiet and safe travel.
Travelling by train to a conference, seminar, socializing event or elsewhere will be a nice entertainment by itself.
A group trip is made only in a special car reserved for the group. Such a trip may be complemented with a shuttle transfer to the end destination, various side events and snacks and drinks distributed to the group members during the trip.

Getting back to the Dress It! I am Israeli fashion designer’s worst nightmare.

Firstly, the garments in the chain stores are constructed to fall apart. Why?, there is little concern with finishing off the seams correctly, using facings and pressing.  All are big features, that I look for in a finished product. Most important to me is the fabric and it’s usually the cheapest king-rayon. If you hold a sweater up to the light the fabric may have the smoothest feel but no substance. I have even come home and made a tee-shirt out of frustration and made a lining for it too.

 All the items are donated to support the Rape Crisis Center in Tel Aviv. There are 40,000 items. Imagine a mass Loehmann’s the size of a city block. I went to the sale by public transportation, was second or third to enter and left about 1 hour later. More time than that is too much and will deliver a big headache. This sale is not for the faint of heart.

Also part of the fun is getting some ideas from the clothing for my own in house modifications of clothing that I get from gemachim.
I don’t really need anything. I plan to arrive there VERY early and go straight to the jewelry counter where Negrin and other designers will be offered.
Honestly 99% of the stuff will not be modest, but one can still find  proper length skirts, long sleeve sweaters and shirts and  jackets and even shoes.
I’d love company, because the place will be huge and we could communicate by cell phone if we see items that have potential.
The silver jewelry and Negrin pieces at the last sale were a fraction of the usual price.
It was a riot to see the mounds of clothing on the floor of the dressing room. There will  also be children and mens’ clothing, shoes, pocketbooks, and  gifts.

I have spoken to many friends about meeting at Jerusalem CBS t the 480 platform at 8:00 A.M.

If you respond, ( sent to many friends) , perhaps we will split a cab from the Tel Aviv CBS, to the fairgrounds. So Far There is no driver, or if there is a driver, share the expense. Caution: I don’t think that the designers market to the “Mature” women, except for Kedem Sasson (#3 below). The style may not be to your taste. I’ll be checking out the  Naama Bezalal offerings.

 Israel’s fashion designers, like most of the country’s entrepreneurs, have always looked abroad, eager to sell their wares outside of the small, Sabra marketplace. But homegrown fashion design is relatively new in Israel. While international shoppers with an eye for fashion are familiar with the country’s veteran fashionistas, like couture and bikini designer Gideon Oberson, swimsuit maker Gottex, and fashion retail chain Castro, most of the current fashion designers are young and have been in business for a decade or less.

Their resumes are remarkably similar. They are generally graduates of Shenkar College of Engineering and Design or the Hebrew University’s Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design, but sometimes they are self-taught. They start out toying with clothing designs at home, and initially sell their creations out of their apartments, which tend to be located in Tel Aviv.

After some successful selling, they shell out rent for a studio/store in one of the Tel Aviv fashion centers, situated on upper Dizengoff Street, Gan Hachashmal or the au courant city of Jaffa, and if they’re lucky, do well enough to open additional storefronts. If they’re really successful, they start to look out over the ocean, to the consumer-rich shores of Europe and the US.

It isn’t easy to export Israeli-designed fashions, whether marketing clothing, accessories or jewelry. While the prices of the unique clothing are lower than those of the clothes designed in America or Europe, the bureaucracy and costs can be daunting for these small businesses that rely on blue-and-white sewing and manufacturing. If they succeed in making sales abroad, it’s usually with the help of a distributor in the destination market who handles those headaches.

It comes as no surprise that the designers who have been around longer have had more luck exporting their fashions. And even those who had beginners’ luck often experienced bad luck as well, finding that they expanded too quickly.

The designers listed here have all managed to market their ready-to-wear clothing, jewelry and accessories abroad, with varying degrees of success. Some have opened stand-alone stores, although most are limited to distributing their lines to boutiques and stores throughout the US and Europe, appealing to the shopper seeking something that can’t be found at the Gap or Banana Republic. A few have penetrated the red carpet list, appealing to A-listers and celebrity stylists. Yet whatever the definition, success is theirs, having transported a Sabra sense of style to distant shores.

1. Ronen Chen


Designed to flatter: Ronen Chen.

Ronen Chen may be Israel’s best-known fashion name abroad. A Shenkar graduate who began creating simple, modern clothing for the typical urban woman in the early 1990s, Chen had beginners’ luck, selling his styles to several boutiques and department stores in London, Ireland, Japan and the US. When those first collections were not a great success, he scaled back to the Israeli market, eventually opening 14 stores in Israel, a new concept store in London and selling in hundreds of boutiques worldwide, primarily in the US, UK, Ireland, Canada, Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg.

He produces one full and 30 mini collections each year, often introducing seven or eight new pieces each week at his local stores. His clothing is designed to flatter the wearer, with lots of draping and pleating. The overall look is classic, not trendy.

He calls himself “the bridge generation” between the older group of designers and the new, evolving cadres, referring to the leap into Israeli-style designer labels that he and his design colleagues have made. “When I graduated, there were fewer companies and more designers, so I had no choice but to start my own label,” he once told the International Herald Tribune. “Once you start, there’s no way back.”

2. Mirit Weinstock


Johanni, one of the women who took part in Mirit Weinstock’s fashion project models a Weinstock dress.

Upon graduating from Shenkar, Mirit Weinstock jetted straight to Europe, first interning for the Alexander McQueen fashion house in London, and then at Maison Lanvin, the oldest fashion house in existence, working with Alber Elbaz, the Morrocan-born, Israel-raised fashion designer who has been dubbed “every woman’s darling.” Weinstock headed back to Israel in 2004 and began developing her own ready-to-wear collection and wedding dress collection that is now sold in Israel, Europe and the US, as well as online.She’s been mentioned and written about in Vogue, Moda and Lucky, where her debut collection was described as “heart stopping, gorgeously feminine and nonchalantly cool… with the kind of sophistication you usually only find at the highest of the high end.”Weinstock is also known for issMi, an international fashion project that presents photographed self-portraits of women worldwide wearing Mirit Weinstock pieces.

3. Kedem Sasson


Fashion for the fuller figure: Kedem Sasson.

Kedem Sasson is in a similar league to Ronen Chen, having been in the business since the early 1990s, but he designs for a very different woman – and man – than does Chen. The story told is that Kedem (Sasson is actually his first name), was motivated by the fact that his full-figured wife had few options when it came to the local clothing market. An art school graduate who had focused on painting, sculpture and jewelry, he turned to fashion design, introducing a highly imaginative and sometimes quirky collection for plus size women.

By focusing on the plus size domain, Kedem has always had the freedom to work with abundant amounts of fabric, and he tends to create shapes and forms that retain their own dimensions. Now well known for his iconoclastic designs, Kedem Sasson – a 2009 ‘mentor’ on Project Runway Israel – has become the go-to destination for full-figure women seeking to dress more creatively.

The company’s Tel Aviv store carries a Kedem’s Man line as well and there are standard women’s sizes in the stores in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and Haifa. Kedem Sasson is also exported to the US, Canada, Europe and Australia.

4. Yigal Azrouel


A move to red carpet fashion: Yigal Azrouel.

Yigal Azrouel is considered the Israeli fashion hottie in the US, although his work isn’t actually blue-and-white. In fact, it never was. Azrouel had no formal education, but remembers sketching dresses while serving in the army. He’s known now for his expert draping techniques and feminine designs that have won him accolades in the leading fashion magazines and celebrity clients like Salma Hayak, Jennifer Connelly, Catherine Zeta Jones and Sarah Jessica Parker.

Having entered the red carpet phase of his designs, dressing Hollywood types and supposedly dating Katie Lee (Billy Joel’s ex), Yigal Azrouel is now based in New York, but can still be considered a Sabra success story. He grew up with five sisters, whom he credits with his fashion interest, and launched his first collection in New York over 10 years ago, later opening a showroom and then a boutique in the Meatpacking District of New York City.

5. Gal Feldman


A family of objects: Gal Feldman.

Like many of her colleagues, handbag designer Gal Feldman arrived at her profession by accident – when she created a bag for her thesis assignment at the end of her studies. At the time, she called it a “utility object” so as not to limit herself. As she saw it, bags were receptacles for storage, but they also connect people with their personal belongings, sort of like a house does.She began her line of eponomously-named Gal handbags with what has become a signature pocketbook, a soft satchelin in which the handle is fastened through a loop on the other side, to close the bag. Now Feldman imports leather from Italy and works with a local atelier, using a good amount of handiwork to design a wide range of bags for women and some for men, as well as a collection of wallets. She sees her work as “a family of objects – bags for women of all ages and all needs.”Her bags are sold at stores throughout Israel, as well as in the US, Europe and Japan.

6. Frau Blau


Photo by Gili Yaari/Flash90.
The Frau Blau boutique in Tel Aviv’s Gan Hahashmal district.

The whimsical, spirited and downright amusing fashions of Frau Blau are the brainchild of Helena Blaustein and Philip Blau, a couple both in business and in life. They’re best known for their shift dresses and shirts imprinted with intricately lifelike graphics in which the wearer appears to be dressed in something completely different. One season offered a dress imprinted with the print of a denim dress, including buttons and studs.

Another winter shift is a dress designed with a print of a wool tweed, including fox stole and brooch. Blaustein and Blau call their illusional dressing “ke-ilu,” Hebrew for “as-if” or “pretend.” The idea is to create flattering dress patterns that look good on most bodies and are an optical illusion for the wearer. The result is ironic, and ironically, flattering.

Not all their clothing is illusional, but there is generally a touch of whimsy about most of their designs, whether it’s a skirt with exaggerated flounces or a blouse buttoned on the diagonal. Currently sold at their Gan Hachashmal boutique and in stores around the country, Frau Blau is also being sold in the US.

7. Dorin Frankfurt


The grande dame of Israeli fashion: Dorin Frankfurt.

Dorin Frankfurt may well be the grande dame of Israeli fashion design abroad, having opened her first store in Tel Aviv’s Shalom Tower in 1975, when there wasn’t such a notion as Israeli fashion, much less off-the-rack clothing. At the time, she wanted something affordable for the average Israeli, and was one of the first Israeli fashion houses to design jeans for the local market. Now she’s known as a ready-to-wear designer with elegant, well-structured pieces for women, as well as the DF line for men.

With 22 shops across Israel, each of Frankfurt’s stores conveys a different atmosphere that caters to the local clientele. Her Jerusalem stores have a larger inventory of skirts and dresses for the city’s religious crowd and warmer tops for the cooler evenings, while the Dizengoff store caters to a younger Tel Aviv shopper. She also sells her line of clothing in Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the UK and the US.

8. Hagar Satat


Hagar Satat works in leather, silver and gold.

A designer of jewelry and fashion accessories, Hagar Satat works with leather, silver and gold in her collection, consistently seeking interesting combinations of her differently toned leathers and metals in necklaces, bracelets, rings and earrings. As a graduate of the jewelry and fashion department of Bezalel, she likes to redefine the concept of a ‘jewel;’ it can help to perfect a look, or become the inspiration for an entire look.

When Satat opened her first Tel Aviv studio and store, she found that she doubled her output. Today she has a second Tel Aviv store, and sells her designs to dozens of shops in Israel, the US, Canada, Europe and Japan.

9. Agas and Tamar


Biblically inspired jewelry that attracts the stars.

Jewelry designers Einat Agassi and Tamar Harel-Klein are one of the few Israeli brands to have their own storefront outside Israel. Beside their trendy Neve Tzedek, Tel Aviv location, they opened a Manhattan shop in Soho two years ago, and have become one of the favorite sets of jewelry designers for the stars, including actress Debra Messing, the Sex in the City gang, designer Donna Karan and actress Sarah Michelle Gellar.

What everyone loves is the raw, matte finish of this ancient-looking and biblically inspired jewelry. Pieces look slightly unfinished, and often have lettering or wording, usually in Hebrew, sometimes in the ancient language of Sumerian. The inscriptions generally offer blessings of joy, luck and eternal happiness, granting an additional dimension to the pieces.

10. Naama Bezalal


Clothing that harks back to Israel’s early statehood period.

Known for her 40s, 50s and 60s-inspired dresses, skirts, blouses and ready-to-wear wedding dresses with vintage touches, designer Naama Bezalel graduated from Shenkar and then set up her studio in her home, like many of her fashion colleagues. The New York Times’ Suzy Menkes called Bezalel’s work “funky pastiches of vintage clothing from the 1950s,” harkening back to Israel’s early statehood period of “innocence and infancy.”

Ten years later, Bezalel is selling her distinctive line of clothing in her 10 retail stores throughout Israel and distributes it in the US as well. As she told Menkes, “I wouldn’t say it is easy [to be a ‘designer start-up’], but I have my own clients. You have to work hard to bring them – and then make them come again and again.”



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